Western allies, including the United States, the UK, and France, are thought to be preparing for strikes, but Russian Federation, a Syrian ally, has strongly opposed such action.
Senior Russian figures, including the head of the military, have warned that USA missiles will be shot down and their launch sites targeted if Russian personnel come under threat.
Haley continued to say that the alleged use of chemical weapons by the Syrian government, which is led by Bashar al-Assad, constitutes "one of the most blatant and grotesque violations of worldwide law in the world today".
"Russia convenes an emergency meeting of the UN Security Council to discuss aggressive actions of the U.S. and its allies", Putin said in a statement published on the Kremlin Web site.
"The mission of the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) has set off to Syria not so quickly and without abundant enthusiasm but under our and Syrian pressure".
Meanwhile, the Defense Ministry in a statement said Russian military bases in Syria had not been affected by the joint strike.More news: Rahm triumphs on home soil as Elvira falls away
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Western leaders have been planning a response to Saturday's suspected chemical attack.
Russia's foreign minister says Moscow has received a document from a Swiss lab that analyzed the samples in the nerve agent poisoning of an ex-Russian spy, which points at a Western-designed nerve agent as a likely cause. "The attack is the blatant violation of global laws, as well as ignoring the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Syria", Iranian Foreign Ministry spokesman Bahram Qasemi said according to Iranian state media.
Russia, which has stonewalled diplomatic efforts at the U.N. Security Council, has vehemently denied a chemical attack took place and accused the West of seeking an excuse for military action.
He said: "More bombing, more killing, more war will not save life".
"On Friday at 9 p.m. EDT, military forces from the US, UK, and France launched a military campaign in Syria, targeting the country's research facilities that were believed to have been involved in the development of chemical weapons". "No final decision has been made", White House Press Secretary Sarah Sanders said, adding that Trump would confer with French President Emmanuel Macron and British Prime Minister Theresa May.
The Kremlin said Mr Putin warned against rushing to blame the Syrian government before conducting a "thorough and objective probe". "We can not allow the use of chemical weapons to become normalized - within Syria, on the streets of the United Kingdom, or anywhere else in our world", she said. "Could be very soon or not so soon at all!" Trump has blamed Assad and Russian Federation for backing him. Pierce said she wanted "to state categorically ... that Britain has no involvement and would never have any involvement in the use of a chemical weapon". But the administration appeared determined to deliver on the president's threat to punish the use of poison gas.