Meanwhile, Tillerson's aggressive budget cuts and an ill-conceived reorganization plan alienated potential allies in both the State Department and Congress.
A high-level Indian delegation led by Foreign Secretary Vijay Gokhale and Defense Secretary G Mohan Kumar were scheduled to be in United States for a series of preparatory meetings with their American counterparts for the next month's dialogue.
In an illustration of the gulf that has long separated Tillerson and Trump, the White House and the State Department vigorously disagreed about whether Tillerson had even been informed of his firing in advance. Trump told reporters outside the White House that he and Pompeo "have a similar thought process". Goldstein said Tillerson was "unaware of the reason" he was sacked and "had had every intention of staying", feeling he was making progress on national security.
Several officials described Pompeo as accomplished, smart and someone who has developed a relationship with the President, which is not seen as an easy thing to do. Trump has agreed to meet with North Korean dictator Kim Jong Un to discuss North Korea's nuclear weapons program and has recently created the prospect of an worldwide trade war.
Trump voiced support for waterboarding as a means of gathering intelligence previous year, telling ABC News that government officials had to "fight fire with fire" to counter terror threats.
"I am grateful to President Trump for the opportunity, and humbled by his confidence in me", Haspel said in a statement.
"I've also been long of the view, and I've said this publicly before, that to the extent that there's blame to be laid for what was done in the CIA's rendition and interrogation program, that blame should lie at the feet of the political level people who ordered the program and not the Central Intelligence Agency officers who carried it out", Litt said. For all his faults, Tillerson knew that a war with a nuclear-armed state was a bad idea.
"When the most devastating terrorist attacks on America in the last 20 years come overwhelmingly from people of a single faith and are performed in the name of that faith a special obligation falls on those that are the leaders of that faith", he said.
"We want him to be successful", the third senior State Department official said. Trump said there was no reason to consult him because no matter what the group decided, Tillerson would be against it, the official said.More news: Nicaragua detains person of interest in NY student's murder
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The departure of Tillerson, the second Trump cabinet member to leave, may indicate a more aggressive and unilateral USA foreign policy.
State Secretary Rex Tillerson thanked many people in his farewell speech bar one, the president of the United States.
Tillerson and Mattis had pressed a skeptical Trump to stick with the nuclear agreement with Iran and other world powers, and Tillerson has taken a more hawkish view than Trump on Russian Federation.
Mr Tillerson never fully denied the claim, which prompted the president - seemingly stung - to challenge his top diplomat to an IQ test.
"Working for the White House is basically like being in a Saw movie", he said.
While Democrats painted a picture of an administration in chaos, Republicans yesterday tamped down the idea that Tillerson's ouster would have major effects on USA diplomacy.
Pompeo said he was "deeply grateful" to be nominated and looked "forward to guiding the world's finest diplomatic corps" if confirmed.
While many have been critical of Mr. Tillerson, I think he was probably very good for the position during this tense period.