Liberals to change how Indigenous-rights cases are handled in courts

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They also contended that Indigenous people were excluded from the jury because judicial rules allowed defense lawyers to dismiss up to 14 potential jurors without explanation.

Canada will create a legal framework to guarantee the rights of Indigenous people in all government decisions, doing away with policies built to serve colonial interests, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau said Wednesday as Native leaders in the country continued to caution against his charm offensive and demanded actions rather than words.

"We need a government-wide shift in how we do things", Trudeau said.

The federal government is preparing to change the way it approaches legal cases with Indigenous peoples to recognize, from the outset, that First Nations, Métis and Inuit have the rights that were given to them in the Constitution, sources have told The Globe and Mail.

While Indigenous and treaty rights are recognized under Section 35 of the Constitution, the sources said those rights are often tested in court.

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One effect of that, Mr. Trudeau said in his speech, is that "instead of outright recognizing and affirming Indigenous rights, as we promised we would, Indigenous peoples were forced to prove, time and time again, through costly and drawn-out court challenges, that their rights existed, must be recognized and implemented".

"Going forward, recognition of rights will guide all government relations with Indigenous peoples", he said. Consultations with Indigenous communities should wrap up by the end of the year, with full implementation expected before the 2019 election.

In the wake of that decision, questions have been raised about the fairness of the justice system to Indigenous peoples.

In an interview with the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, Ms. Wilson-Raybould said that enabling Indigenous groups to become self-governing was her goal.

Trudeau will likewise take part in a few business roundtables to advance further exchange and speculation amongst Canada and India, as Canada works intimately with Indian pioneers to progress financial open doors in the two nations.