President, PM greet countrymen on Makar Sankranti, Pongal, Magh Bihu

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The festival is celebrated on 14th January and is possibly the only Indian festival whose date always falls on the same day each year with just a few exceptions. The festival marks the onset of summer and an auspicious six months period for Hindus known as Uttaarayan. The festival is celebrated in different ways in different parts of India. For the records, it is celebrated on 14th of January each year.

In a series of tweets, he greeted various communities celebrating the festivals in different forms in Assam, Tamil Nadu, Punjab and Gujarat.

"Hearty greetings to the people on the occassion of Makar Sankranti", he said in a Hindi tweet.

Fairs are a must during Makar Sankranti and many melas are organised in several parts of the country.

The tradition of flying kites is considered to be healthy, as one gets exposed to the sun, early in the morning.

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Dedicated to the Sun God, Makar Sankranti symbolizes "Uttarayan" or the beginning of the northward journey of the Sun.

There is a saying "til gul kha god god bola" meaning have a sesame sweet and say sweet words.

Makar Sankranti denotes the transition of sun from the zodiac Sagittarius to Capricorn. The festival holds a great religious significance for Hindus and a large number of people visit the Prayag city (Allahabad) to bathe in Sangam (confluence of the three holy rivers, namely Ganges, Yamuna and the invisible Saraswati River).

Traditional sweet prepared during Makar Sankranti. Thirdly, this is celebration time which is extremely auspicious as per the Hindu calendar.